GIBRALTAR FURNITURE VS. INFERIOR REPRODUCTIONS

Gibraltar Furniture vs Inferior Reproductions

LC1 CASSINA CHAIR VS REPRODUCTIONS

My mother raised me to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.  Consequently, I am about to bare the naked truth re the LC1 Cassina branded chair vs. the reproduction that Gibraltar furniture offers for $495. We often get asked how our LC1 classic chair compares to the original design by iconic furniture provider Cassina. For pure museum quality you can do no better than selecting the Italian manufacture.

However, many buyers would prefer getting a reproduction and saving thousands of dollars on the same purchase. Therefore we offer this same piece, in the same style, dimensions, and construction techniques which would cost $1,955.00 – $2,025.00 via Cassina. What are the benefits of selecting from Cassina?

Each piece of furniture in the “Cassina I Maestri” Collection is indelibly marked with:

• The signature of the Author, whose copyright belongs to his heirs, the use of which has been granted exclusively to Cassina and which in the form of a trade mark, certifies the authenticity of the furniture;

• The “Cassina I Maestri” logotype, which incorporates the Author’s emblem as used by him as identification on his drawings;

• The production number which serves to place the item in the chronology  of production, and tallys with the “Identity Card” (which bears the same number).  This shows that a final quality check has been carried out, and allows the Heirs’ control.

What does all of this really mean? If you are looking for a numbered editionLC1 chair Cassina is the only way to go. However be aware that you will not be receiving a limited edition product. Instead, your Cassina chair will be just be a  sequential serial number product with a  stamped number on the frame. Therefore, this creates no intrinsic value as you will never be able to get the same money back for your purchase for modern used furniture.

Established in 1927, Cassina has been designing the future for over eighty years. During the 50’s the company, founded in Meda (Milan) by Cesare and Umberto Cassina, launched industrial design in Italy. In the rich and complex turmoil of that era, it was pioneering in the way it encouraged architects and designers to envision fresh designs and most of all translate their inspirations into reality.

Taking a completely new approach, which saw a shift from hand craftsmanship to serial production, the company began to work side by side with designers. Since then, Cassina has shown a striking inclination for research and the ability to spark mulch-participant dialogues between the most talented designers of both the 20th and 21st centuries, including architects and designers with quite diverse sensibilities, styles and creative spirits. The result: a mesh of stimulating ideas, from which Cassina always draws the best. This transversal culture of absolute quality defines the uniqueness of each Cassina piece.

The Gibraltar release is also a extremely high end architectural art piece. It is manufactured to the exact original specification using  imported Italian aniline leather.

Shown in ponyhide, the LC1 Chair this basculant chair from Gibraltar Furniture, was originally designed in 1929 by the highly influential architect, city planner, painter and designer Charles Le Corbusier

In 1922, French architect Le Corbusier began working in the new rue de Sèvres, Paris, atelier with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret with whom he shared research plans and design inspiration in a profound and life-long professional relationship. In October 1927, the duo agreed to draw on the contribution of a young architect who had already begun to establish a reputation on the architectural scene of the time: Charlotte Perriand. Their collaboration lasted through to 1937 and was extremely productive, particularly in the furniture design arena. The partnership was highly significant, both in terms of the cultural weight of their accolades and their professional successes. It was together with Charlotte Perriand that the team tackled the innovative project for “l’équipement d’intérieur de l’habitation”. The resulting designs were of great intellectual value and considerable commercial success.

When you purchase from Cassina you are also paying full price for Cassina’s license of the design from the Le Corbusier estate. This exclusive once enabled Cassina to be the only official provider. But you can also purchase an exact copy from Gibraltar without having to pay a kings ransom.  Therefore we recommend Cassina again if you have deep enough pockets to pay the piper. Or you can go with Gibraltar if you want an exact  LC1 clone without any numbers or signatures. It is the same piece without the branding!

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture, at wholesale prices, is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.

Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for contemporary furniture such as designer outdoor furniture, stylish lighting, architectural office furniture, and much more. We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”

SALE $1595 LC 2 3 SEAT SOFA WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM 800 416-3635

Other providers, such as DWR sell the leather LC2 3 seat sofa, or “Petit Sofa”, for $9,040.00from Cassina. Our price for this historic unit is only $1595. WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM T 800-416-3635.

LC 2 3 SEAT SOFA

SALE $1595 LC 2 3 SEAT SOFA

 

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-born French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and painter, famous for being one of the architects of what now is called Modern architecture or the International style. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout central Europe, India, Russia, and one each in North and South America.

He was a pioneer in studies of modern high design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. His striking innovations have influenced every generation of architects that followed him.

This reproduction is not the low ball, bad knock off, units that you may see on E-Bay, or Amazon. Instead the are flawless modern art units that combine function with form to create an iconic statement. This LC armchair would be at home in any living room, art gallery, or public space application.

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, widely known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a French Swiss born architect, famous for his contributions to what is now called modernism, or the International Style, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, and Theo van Doesburg.. He was a pioneer in theoretical studies of modern design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. Le Corbusier began experimenting with furniture design in 1928 after inviting the architect Charlotte Perriand to join his studio. His cousin Pierre Jeanneret also collaborated on many of the designs. Before the arrival of Perriand, Le Corbusier relied on ready-made furniture to furnish his projects, such as the simple pieces manufactured by Thonet.

LC2 Sofa -What to watch out for.

LC2 Sofa -What to watch out for.

The Le Corbusier group referred to their LC2 and LC3 collections (1928) as “cushion baskets,” which they designed as a modernist response to the traditional club chair. These pieces reverse the standard structures of sofas and chairs by having frames that are externalized. With thick, resilient pillows resting within the steel frames, the idea was to offer all the comfort of a padded surface while applying the elegant minimalism and industrial rationale of the International Style.

The LC2 3-seat sofa is available for a quick ship!

The LC2 3-seat sofa is available for a quick ship!

We offer the this iconic series in two formats. The traditional square edged pillow design that showcases a Dacron wrapped foam construction. And we also feature the ultra premium lose down cushions upgrade. The down cushions offer a more relaxed look and are the pinnacle of comfort, grace, and style. We also can produce this chair in the soft pad configuration with goose down padding for extra comport. 2″ of soft feather padding is packed around a solid Dacron wrapped foam core. This creates the ultimate in both comfort, support and design. This is the most luxurious and stylish seating on the planet!

 

Design Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, 1928. Upholstered cushions, metal frame.

Design Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, 1928. Upholstered cushions, metal frame.

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture, at wholesale prices, is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.

Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for contemporary furniture such as designer outdoor furniture, stylish lighting, architectural office furniture, and much more. We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”

SALE $1295 LC 2 2 SEAT SOFA WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM 800 416-3635

Other providers, such as DWR sell the leather LC2 2 Seat Sofa, or “LC2 Petit Modele Two-Seat Sofa”, for $$5,950.00 from Cassina. Our price for this historic unit is only $1295. WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM T 800-416-3635.

LC2 PETIT TWO SEAT SOFA

SALE $1295 LC2 PETIT TWO SEAT SOFA

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-born French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and painter, famous for being one of the architects of what now is called Modern architecture or the International style. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout central Europe, India, Russia, and one each in North and South America.

He was a pioneer in studies of modern high design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities.  His striking innovations have influenced every generation of architects that followed him.

This reproduction is not the low ball, bad knock off, units that you may see on E-Bay, or Amazon. Instead the are flawless modern art units that combine function with form to create an iconic statement. This LC armchair would be at home in any living room, art gallery, or public space application.

The LC2 features a 2 pc cushion system

The LC2 features a 2 pc cushion system

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, widely known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a French Swiss born architect, famous for his contributions to what is now called modernism, or the International Style, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, and Theo van Doesburg.. He was a pioneer in theoretical studies of modern design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. Le Corbusier began experimenting with furniture design in 1928 after inviting the architect Charlotte Perriand to join his studio. His cousin Pierre Jeanneret also collaborated on many of the designs. Before the arrival of Perriand, Le Corbusier relied on ready-made furniture to furnish his projects, such as the simple pieces manufactured by Thonet.

The Le Corbusier group referred to their LC2 and LC3 collections (1928) as “cushion baskets,” which they designed as a modernist response to the traditional club chair. These pieces reverse the standard structures of sofas and chairs by having frames that are externalized. With thick, resilient pillows resting within the steel frames, the idea was to offer all the comfort of a padded surface while applying the elegant minimalism and industrial rationale of the International Style.

LC 2 retails for $5950 from Cassina. Our price is $1295 for this reproduction.

LC 2 retails for $5950 from Cassina. Our price is $1295 for this reproduction.

We offer the this iconic series in two formats. The traditional square edged pillow design that showcases a Dacron wrapped foam construction. And we also feature the ultra premium lose down cushions upgrade. The down cushions offer a more relaxed look and are the pinnacle of comfort, grace, and style. We also can produce this chair in the soft pad configuration with goose down padding for extra comport. 2″ of soft feather padding is packed around a solid Dacron wrapped foam core. This creates the ultimate in both comfort, support and design. This is the most luxurious and stylish seating on the planet!

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture, at wholesale prices, is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.

Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for contemporary  furniture such as designer outdoor furniture,  stylish lighting,  architectural office furniture, and much more.  We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture, at wholesale prices, is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.

Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for contemporary  furniture such as designer outdoor furniture,  stylish lightingarchitectural office furniture, and much more.  We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”

SALE $795 LC 2 CHAIR WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM

Other providers, such as DWR sell the leather LC2, or “Petit Chair”, for $3,780.00 from Cassina. Our price for this historic unit is only $795. WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM T 800-416-3635

LC2 SALE $795!

LC2 SALE $795!

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-born French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and painter, famous for being one of the architects of what now is called Modern architecture or the International style. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout central Europe, India, Russia, and one each in North and South America.

He was a pioneer in studies of modern high design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities.  His striking innovations have influenced every generation of architects that followed him.

This reproduction is not the low ball, bad knock off, units that you may see on E-Bay, or Amazon. Instead the are flawless modern art units that combine function with form to create an iconic statement. This LC chair would be at home in any living room, art gallery, or public space application.

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, widely known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a French Swiss born architect, famous for his contributions to what is now called modernism, or the International Style, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, and Theo van Doesburg.. He was a pioneer in theoretical studies of modern design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. Le Corbusier began experimenting with furniture design in 1928 after inviting the architect Charlotte Perriand to join his studio. His cousin Pierre Jeanneret also collaborated on many of the designs. Before the arrival of Perriand, Le Corbusier relied on ready-made furniture to furnish his projects, such as the simple pieces manufactured by Thonet.

The Le Corbusier group referred to their LC2 and LC3 collections (1928) as “cushion baskets,” which they designed as a modernist response to the traditional club chair. These pieces reverse the standard structures of sofas and chairs by having frames that are externalized. With thick, resilient pillows resting within the steel frames, the idea was to offer all the comfort of a padded surface while applying the elegant minimalism and industrial rationale of the International Style.

We offer the this iconic series in two formats. The traditional square edged pillow design that showcases a Dacron wrapped foam construction. And we also feature the ultra premium lose down cushions upgrade. The down cushions offer a more relaxed look and are the pinnacle of comfort, grace, and style. We also can produce this chair in the soft pad configuration with goose down padding for extra comport. 2″ of soft feather padding is packed around a solid Dacron wrapped foam core. This creates the ultimate in both comfort, support and design. This is the most luxurious and stylish seating on the planet!

PETIT ARMCHAIR FROM LE COURBUSIER

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture, at wholesale prices, is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.

Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for contemporary  furniture such as designer outdoor furniture,  stylish lightingarchitectural office furniture, and much more.  We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”

LC1 CHAIR $499 WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE 800-416-3635

Other providers, such as DWR sell the LC1, or “Sling Chair”, for $1935 from Cassina. Our price for this historic unit is only $499 at WWW.GIBRALTARFURNITURE.COM

SLING CHAIR

Le Corbusier regarded traditional furnishings, with their structures hidden beneath clouds of wading and huge hides, as relics of the past. Partnering with Charlotte Perriand and his cousin Pierre Jeanneret, Le Corbusier stripped away all excess to create the sleek, fundamental LC1 Chair (1928). One of the signature icons of modern design, the back of the chair is attached to the frame by a rod that allows the angle of tilt to change. As the user shifts from one sitting position to the next, the chair back moves with them for continuous support. Pairing the purity of simple tubular steel with the sensual warmth of natural hide, this piece of “equipment de l’habitation” has a sleek look and an air of functional elegance.

LC1 Chair (1928)

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-born French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and painter, famous for being one of the architects of what now is called Modern architecture or the International style. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout central Europe, India, Russia, and one each in North and South America.He was a pioneer in studies of modern high design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities.  His striking innovations have influenced every generation of architects that followed him.

LC1 CHAIR IN PONY HIDE

LC1 CHAIR IN PONY HIDE

This reproduction is not the low ball, bad knock off, units that you may see on E-Bay, or Amazon. Instead the are flawless modern art units that combine function with form to create an iconic statement. This LC chair would be at home in any living room, art gallery, or public space application.

This model is made of European leather and produced abroad. Often discussed as a “sitting machine” and one of the signature classics of modern design, the Le Corbusier Basculant Armchair (1929) was an integral part Le Corbusier’s full burgeoning of the International Style. Introduced at the Salon d’Automne, the Le Corbusier Basculant Armchair’s emphasis lay in the juxtaposition of new construction techniques, mechanical versatility and precious materials. The beauty and grace of the chromed-steel frame lies in eight simple tubular pieces that are seamlessly welded together and given life by two unexpected arcs connecting the seat to the posterior frame. The visual effect is that of simultaneous weightlessness and solidity. The overall comfort of the chair is exceptional, with a reclining seat and mobile back for constant support. A natural black leather seat and back with black leather sling arms lend warmth and stylish neutrality to an artfully constructed design of classic luxury. The 100% Italian leather is made in Italy.

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture, at wholesale prices, is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.

Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for contemporary  furniture such as designer outdoor furniture,  stylish lightingarchitectural office furniture, and much more.  We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”

WHOLESALE FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT CHAIRS

Gibraltar Furniture proudly presents a collection of furnishings created by America’s preeminent architect Frank Lloyd Wright at factory direct prices.  Other sources sell the Taliesin Barrel chair for $1650 or more.  Gibraltar Furniture sells this iconic piece for under $1000.

Frank Lloyd Wright

The Frank Lloyd Wright Barrel Chair from Gibraltar Furniture

Our factories started with Wright’s original designs and measurements, solid hardwood, and superior upholstery, then employ traditional craftsmanship and state-of-the-art technology to create these heirloom-quality pieces for your home, office, or studio. The Taliesin Barrel Chair was prominent in Wright’s own residence Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin, this signature chair Barrel Chair is comfortable, compact, and perfect as a stand-alone or dining room piece. Gibraltar Furniture sells this iconic piece for $999.

The Barrel chair can be custom configured in 12 different fabrics, 18 different velvet, and 13 different leather options. The shell can be designed in Cherry-Red, Dark, Light-Brown, and Light-Walnut wood finishes.

Close up of the FLW Taliesin chair

Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 projects, which resulted in more than 500 completed works.

American architect Frank Lloyd Wright played a leading role in transforming the practice of architecture early in the 20th century. Trained as an engineer at the University of Wisconsin, but strongly drawn to architecture, he began his career as an architect in Chicago, working in the offices of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan. At the age of 29 he set up his own practice and began work on a number of residential projects, chiefly in the Oak Park area of Chicago. These “Prairie Houses,” designed in the early 1900’s, are characterized by their use of natural materials – stone, brick and wood. Their low elevations, and gently sloping roofs create a strong horizontal emphasis.

Wright claimed to build “organic” architecture that seemed to grow naturally out of the surrounding landscape. He believed the internal space, furnishings and decorative details of a house to be intrinsic to its architecture. Many of his projects incorporated site specific furniture and fittings. These unified projects were intended to possess a natural “organic” beauty that would promote the life of the human spirit. Instead of walls, furnishings were often used as spatial dividers, thereby creating more open interiors and a sense of flowing space.

Wright’s preoccupation with geometric forms and intersecting planes in his architecture, led him to develop a similar style for furniture. For example, a series of metal desks and chairs designed for the Larkin Building in Buffalo, New York, were designed to be functionally and visually unified with their surroundings. They were also among the first metal items for indoor use that did not mimic wood. The chairs were made of painted steel with leather upholstered seats and rigidly geometric backs with square perforations. In addition to furniture, Wright designed stained glass windows, ceramics and glass, metalwork and textiles. Wright’s work became distanced from its Arts & Crafts origins as he began to explore the structural and decorative potential of industrial concrete blocks which he used in the design of the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo and four houses in Los Angeles.

A Google™ search indicates that one of the foremost sites for high end furniture at wholesale prices is Gibraltar. “This West coast internet pioneer features retro, modern, and post-modern furnishings at rock bottom prices. Gibraltar offers an exceptional array of wholesale, architectural, modern, high quality items at factory direct discount prices. Gibraltar Furniture is one of the leaders in the world of Internet modern architectural products. Gibraltar sells furniture manufactured in Italy, Asia, and the USA and all sales are tax free outside of California.  Gibraltar Furniture is proud to be a #1 wholesaler for Ameico, modern classics, Barcelona, and huge selection in modern furniture such as modern outdoor furniture, modern lighting, modern office furniture, and much more. Browse our huge selection of modern furniture below. We have everything from premium designer executive chairs to green sustainable furniture. Gibraltar Furniture has been in business for 50 years. Yahoo News reports that Gibraltar Furniture has “The best prices, models, and service of any site on the Internet.”  This Beverly Hills 90210 store is nirvana for people who want Bauhaus, art deco, modern, mid century, or designer furniture at wholesale prices.”